English Grammar_

Trần Đức Lĩnh

English grammar is a necessity in listening, speaking as well as reading and writing, it hinders me from life to work. Knowledge is too much but still more fixed than the programming languages ​​I have learned, everything seems easier than I thought.

I) Nouns.

1) Singular and plural nouns.


  • A nouns is a person, an animal, a place or a thing.

    • (a dog, a phone, a lemon, an egg, ...)
  • In writing, names of people, places, days, months, ect... begin with a capital letter.

    • (Monday, Mr X, June, ...)

Singular and plural nouns

  • Most nouns can be SINGULAR (one) or PLURAL (more than one).

    • (an apple - five apples, an egg - ten eggs, ...)

  • For the plural from of most nouns, add -s.

    • (pen - pens, bottle - bottles, coin - coins, ...)
  • For nouns that end in s, ss, sh, ch and x sounds (and potato, tomato), add -es, nouns that end in z, zz add -zes

    • (box - boxes, moss - mosses, bus - buses, potato - potatoes, ...)
  • For nouns ending in f or fe, change f to v and add -es.

    • (wolf - wolves, wife - wives, leaf - leaves, life - lives, ...)
  • For nouns that end in consonant (b, c, d, ect) + y (ay, ey, oy), cahnge y to i and add -es(and -s).

    • day - days, baby - babies, toy - toies, family - families.
  • The plural form of a few nouns is different. We call these irregular nouns.

    • man - men, woman - women, tooth - teeth, foot - feet, child - children.